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When comforted and pardoned, they arose from the earth, shook themselves from the dust, and clothed themselves in their better garments. I therefore laughed at him for not fulfilling his engagement." "envious" This Greek term, like "lust," is a neutral term and can be used of "zeal" or "strong desire." Submit a Comment Cancel reply. c. 17, etc., that the Jews, under pretense of defending their religion, and procuring that liberty to which they believed themselves entitled, made various insurrections in Judea against the Romans, which occasioned much bloodshed and misery to their nation. There is not a critic in Europe who has considered the passage that has not been puzzled with it. On which there is this comment: "No man should ever say that he will do this or that, without the condition If God Will. James 4:7-10. (11-17)1-10 Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Worldly good is your god; ye leave no stone unturned in order to get it; and as ye ask nothing from God but to consume it upon your evil desires and propensities, your prayers are not heard. Some were lapsing into a superficial, formal religion that professed orthodox beliefs, but practiced selfish, ungodly lifestyles (1:22-27; 2:14-26; 3:9-12). Tweet . They consider detraction as the devil's crime originally: he calumniated God Almighty in the words, "He doth know that in the day in which ye eat of it, your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be like God, knowing good and evil;" and therefore insinuated that it was through envy God had prohibited the tree of knowledge. Lenski noted that all such efforts are "unsupported by the context."[25]. The man who breaks the law, and teaches others so to do, thus in effect set himself up as a lawgiver and judge. Chapter 4 James 4 Devotional Commentary Choose Chapter. "More probably is the view that James was not citing a particular passage but summarizing the truth expressed in several Old Testament passages." But perhaps something more than spiritual adultery is intended. James 4:1-17 SECONDARY SCRIPTURE Philippians 2:3-11 TEACHING PREP The short overview below is designed to help you prepare for your lesson. He had already spoken of their lust, and pleasures, and he had called them adulterers and adulteresses; and perhaps they were so in the grossest sense of the words. I believe James means the Jewish law; and by the lawgiver and judge, God Almighty, as acknowledged by the Jewish people. There are good times, and there are bad times but Godliness does not guarantee a life of ease; a life free of pain, or trouble. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded." James 4:8, ESV: "Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you.Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded." The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4, James 4:5. "[1] Roberts, quoting Arndt and Gingrich, noted that the Greek word for "fightings" "is used always in the plural and always of battles carried on with weapons. The idea that James is here speaking only of religious teachers and their disputes, and another notion to the effect that James, writing to Jews of the Diaspora, directed these teachings against the wars of Jews with each other - both ideas, according to Lenski, "are untenable. They continued supper till midnight. You say, that can't happen. In the mean time a tile fell from a house, I knew not who threw it, and killed him. So flourish these, when those are pass'd away. It is high time that commentators stopped larding their dissertations with the admonition that "This must not be an empty phrase on our lips,"[30] or that "It becomes repellent to hear one use the name of God flippantly and constantly. The indication of the proper attitude (James 4:15) C. The evil of their present attitude (James 4:16–17) 1. He flees from that name, and from his conquering blood. Motives for Works: The Place of Works: Outward Demonstration of Inner Faith: Outreach of Works: Jas 1:1-18: Jas … That is why Scripture says: 'God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.' James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. James 4:4. It provides strength against temptation. Adam Clarke CommentaryJames 4. James 4:13-17 Outline 4:13 Faith in the future is iffy. By this parable they teach the necessity of considering the shortness and uncertainty of human life; and that God is particularly displeased with those ... "Who, counting on long years of pleasure here, Are quite unfurnished for a world to come.". Genesis 8:21; : "The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth." As noted in the introduction, James here included a series of blunt, power-packed exhortations, running through James 4:10. Joy is the keynote of the New Testament. 261, 1, we have the following little story; "Our rabbins tell us a story which happened in the days of Rabbi Simeon, the son of Chelpatha. You covet but you cannot get what you want, so you quarrel and fight. For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall both live, and do this or that. There is no greater deterrent to righteousness than pride. For those who have been "made nigh in the blood of Christ" (Ephesians 2:13), there is joy unspeakable and full of glory. At that time Rabbi Simeon arose and went out, that he might return to the city in which he dwelt. Some unsaved persons may indeed laugh; but let them recognize their separation from God, and their laughter will be replaced with weeping and mourning. In view of its connection in this passage, James may have been using this well-known teaching of the Master as a synecdoche for obeying the gospel of Christ. The concept of self-denial is at the heart of Paul's teaching on submission to God: We have died with Christ and must sacrifice our lives for Him. This admonition has its relevance to Christians in the fact of their original victory over Satan when they became children of God not having been due to their own strength, but to that of the Lord; and a reminder of this would steer them in the right direction for subsequent struggles against evil. James 4:1. He hears the cry of the righteous (Psalms 34:15); he hears those who call upon him in truth (Psalms 145:18); and he hears the penitent (Luke 18:14): those who ask "in his name" (John 14:13), those who ask "believing" (Mark 11:24), and those who ask according to God's will (1 John 5:14). One nation or king covets another's territory or property; and, as conquest is supposed to give right to all the possessions gained by it, they kill, slay, burn, and destroy, till one is overcome or exhausted, and then the other makes his own terms; or, several neighboring potentates fall upon one that is weak; and, after murdering one half of the people, partition among themselves the fallen king's territory; just as the Austrians, Prussians, and Russians have done with the kingdom of Poland! This is properly the meaning of the original, ἱνα εν ταις ἡδοναις ὑμων δαπανησητε, That ye may expend it upon your pleasures. The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2. Like leaves on trees the race of man is found, Now green in youth, now withering on the ground. Ye adulterers and adulteresses - The Jews, because of their covenant with God, are represented as being espoused to him; and hence their idolatry, and their iniquity in general, are represented under the notion of adultery. May this be St. James' meaning? The sin of him who knows the will of God, and does not do it, James 4:16, James 4:17. The use of this expression in daily speech was once common among Christians, even their writings frequently carrying it in the form of D.V. Ye ask, and receive not - Some think that this refers to their prayers for the conversion of the heathen; and on the pretense that they were not converted thus; they thought it lawful to extirpate them and possess their goods. "[40] It is this perfect consonance of James with everything else in the New Testament that goes far to establish the interpretation of this chapter as given here, especially with reference to James 4:7-10. There is first a section directed against worldliness in the church (James 4:1-12), with a somewhat parenthetical appeal to alien sinners (James 4:7-10) to obey the gospel, the appropriateness of this inclusion deriving from the fact that every Christian congregation contains within the periphery of its influence a number, sometimes quite large, of the unconverted. The false wisdom that comes from envy and selfish ambition produces disorder (3:16)... View the entire commentary Name * James 4. Site Resources. Personal Resources. advertisement. The admonition against worldliness continues with a directive against making plans without reference to the will of God (James 4:13-17). James 4:13-17. It's important to understand what James is not saying here: He is not saying Christians should never be friends with non-Christians. God promises to raise these from the dust, when sufficiently humbled. Your email address will not be published. There's not a word in that to the effect that the right attitude is all that matters; that is not all that matters, and it is highly important that Christians witness to their faith in Jesus Christ and to the sovereignty of God by saying, "If the Lord will," not in an irreverent and flippant manner, of course, but sincerely and truly. The fact that these Christians from a Jewish background are firstfruits (Deuteronomy 26:1-4) shows that James expected a subsequent and greater harvest of Christians from a Gentile background. Quid tam circumcisum, tam breve, quam hominis vita longissima? Updated: Mon, 09/30/2019 - 17:01 By admin. James 4:4 - You adulteresses, do you not know that friendship with the world is hostility toward God? If men would succeed against temptation, let them remain near the Lord, as did John, and not follow afar off, as did Peter. Ye ask amiss - Κακως αιτεισθε· Ye ask evilly, wickedly. Oesterley agreed here that the reference "must be to the New Testament";[17] and this shows that James, with all Christians, held the Pauline writings to be authentic Scripture. (James 4:10) References. There can be little doubt that James was familiar with the New Testament theology of drawing near to God; and it is not amiss, therefore, to see a reflection of it in this verse. James 4:7-8 -- On Following the Recipe for a Good Life "Submit yourselves therefore to God. Here, in chapter 4, James says to these very readers that a worldly, unspiritual road is the very one they have been following. Submit yourselves, then, to God. Symbolically, adultery is used to express unfaithfulness to God, and we can easily see this in Israel's idolatry.God is represented as the husband of His people. The Jews traded thus to Tyre, Sidon, Caesarea, Crete, Ephesus, Philippi, Thessalonica, Corinth, Rome, etc. l. There are many reasons why this is a sin. They were led to these outrages by the opinion that they were bound by their law to extirpate idolatry, and to kill all those who would not become proselytes to Judaism. Ye ask for worldly prosperity, that ye may employ it in riotous living. He answered, I slay those persons who say, We will do this, or that, and think not how soon death may overpower them: that man with whom thou hast supped, and who said to his guests, With this wine will I continue for a long time to celebrate the birth of my new-born son, behold the end of his life is at hand, for he shall die within thirty days." There is no need to equate "Lord" here with Jehovah of the Old Testament, despite the Old Testament term for it (without the article) being the one thus used in the LXX; because, by the time James wrote, and even much earlier, "Lord" had been almost universally adopted in Christianity as a designation of our Lord Jesus Christ, as witnessed by all of the Pauline writings, in fact, by the whole New Testament. '"[33] It is a beautiful and eloquent testimony of their religious faith and zeal; and a similar witness should not be absent from Christianity. Whence come wars and whence come fightings among you? Ezekiel 16:15-59 gives a graphic description of Israel's spiritual adultery, and Hosea 1:1-2 shows the same symbolism in Hosea's marriage. James Audio Bible With Music And Commentary. What is your life? 13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: 13 Age nunc, qui dicitis, Hodie et cras eamus in civitatem, et transigamus illic annum unum, et mercemur et lucremur; 14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. submit to God. James will treat the problem of riches in the next chapter. Ye adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? "Fightings" are the active carrying on of "wars." The person or thing thus consecrated or separated is considered to be holy, and to be God's property; and then God hallows it to himself. They had much more light and religious knowledge than the Jews had; and God would require a proportionable improvement from them. God resists the proud, James 4:6. Let your laughter be turned to mourning - It appears most evidently that many of those to whom St. James addressed this epistle had lived a very irregular and dissolute life. Why so little heavenly good is obtained, James 4:3. (3) In the end, it shuts the door of prayer,[5]SIZE>. Come, and hear what I have to say, ye that say, etc. The unconverted, who make up a part of every Christian audience, are plainly intended as recipients of the exhortation here. (James 4:1). Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you? How ephemeral and uncertain is life! As Punchard noted, "Peter used the same quotation (1 Peter 5:5); and it seems to have been a common saying, a maxim of the wise that had become, as it were, a law of life."[19]. All other rights reserved. How perfectly James follows the teachings of the Master, who said, "Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted" (Matthew 5:4). This, however, is not clear to me. "[11] The answer, of course, is in understanding the metaphor. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations became common. Let the servant of the Lord beware of this. The father brought out wine for his guests that was seven years old, saying, With this wine will I continue for a long time to celebrate the birth of my new-born son. "All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field. This is deplorable. [] 2 You desire and do not have, so you murderYou covet and cannot obtain, so you fight and quarrel. "[36] It is truly amazing that hardly a line of this entire epistle may be found without this same connection. Through pride, Satan fell; pride leads the list of the seven deadly sins; pride cankers and destroys human personality; pride incurs the enmity of God himself. and Proverbs 21:10; : "The soul of the wicked desireth evil." I think the 5th verse should be understood as giving a contrary sense to that in our translation. (1-10) Exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant regard to the will and providence of God. James 4:9 Commentary; James 4:10 Humble yourselves in the presence of the Lord, and He will exalt you. Carson pointed out that "The verbs in these exhortations are in the aorist tense, indicating that these things are to be done `once for all,' as … Every genuine Christian is a habitation of the Holy Ghost, and that Spirit προς φθονον επιποθει, excites strong desires against envy; a man must not suppose that he is a Christian if he have an envious or covetous heart. Perhaps the word in this and the two succeeding verses may be well paraphrased thus: "Do ye think that concerning these things the Scripture speaks falsely, or that the Holy Spirit which dwells in us can excite us to envy others instead of being contented with the state in which the providence of God has placed us? Some of them were, doubtless, Christians; some of them certainly no Christians; and some of them half Christians and half Jews. Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may spend it in your pleasures. Psalm 1 – A Few of My Favorite Things – Planted by the Word. Shakespeare said: That struts and frets his hour upon the stage. iii., Ep. New American Standard Version. The friendship of the world - The world was their god; here they committed their spiritual adultery; and they cultivated this friendship in order that they might gain this end. The blunt, powerful charges made in this verse are difficult to punctuate; but Tasker's arrangement of them in a parallel seems to be commendable: And you covet and cannot obtain; so you fight and wage war.[7]. B. BAGD 496. 4:11). They must not delay that payment. (1-10) Exhortations to undertake no affairs of life, without constant regard to the will and providence of God. Romans 11:7).[8]. 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His warehouse, and the working of our desires toward God Kindle or Paperback format, in Christ '' is! And all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the law you... In us long unto envying it upon your pleasures for the work they! Of pleasure must be good to their workers evil ways and evil companions, and the working our. Yourselves in the world maketh himself an enemy of God, your spouse! Judges the law, you are not a doer of the reason this...

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