james 4:5 commentary
Then the meaning is that the Holy Spirit, imparted to us by God at conversion, yearns enviously for our total loyalty and devotion to Him. Yet both are concerned with the unity and health of their congregations. The present tense indicates this strong desire is continual. Jamess 4:5 (RV, marginal reading). The justification for the prohibition (James 4:11b–12), The reaction of living faith to presumptuous planning (4:13–17) 3. Log In/Sign Up English Standard Version (ESV) ... James 4:5. Thus, more than likely, Jas 4:5 is set down to highlight God’s displeasure with the behavior reported in Jas 4:1-4. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. Dallas: Word, Incorporated. And there are OT passages that refer to God as jealously desiring the devotion of His people. It is more natural to have the same subject for the two verbs yearns (desires) and caused to live (made to dwell). In either case, the meaning is that God jealously desires us to belong wholeheartedly to Him. Apr 9, 2000. It can even become normal for Christians. (4) Godly humility (James 4:10) (James 4:7-10). James used a powerful word in the phrase, resists the proud: “Sets himself in battle array against him.” (Clarke) “God resisteth the proud, ‘setteth himself in battle-array against such,’ above all other sorts of sinner, as invaders of his territories, and foragers or plunderers of his chief treasures.” (Trapp) c. Reprinted by permission. 48: Word Biblical Commentary: James. (4:5) Verse 5 is difficult to understand with precision. That means if we find our most satisfying relationships with others besides God, we … Log In/Sign Up . b. St. James seems to refer to many, not to one particular passage of Scripture. If it is the divine Spirit (taking God as the subject of katokisen, a hapax legomenon = only Biblical use) which opposes envy, then we have an understanding of Jas 4:5 that continues the flow of Jas 4:4. Practical Instructions For Your Daily Life Journey. But the mistake of thy life consists in this, that He hath not thee. 2:13), of Christ dwelling in His people by faith (Eph 3:17), of the fullness of God dwelling in Christ (Col. 1:19), of the fullness of Deity dwelling in Christ bodily (Col 2:9), and of righteousness dwelling in the new heaven and earth (2Pe 3:13). Then Jas 4:6-note would follow as a reminder of God's grace to the humble, which protects us from being overwhelmed by God's jealousy. James 4:5. Of course, that doesn't mean it's impossible to be a friend of worldly people; rather one can't be a friend of the world-system–meaning its priorities, its goals, its sensualities, its securities, its strategies. Friends, it's not difficult to be a friend of the world and a friend of God at the same time; its impossible! The origin of wars and contentions, and the wretched lot of those who are engaged in them, James 4:1, James 4:2.Why so little heavenly good is obtained, James 4:3.The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4, James 4:5.God resists the proud, James 4:6.Men should submit to God, and pray, James 4:7, James 4:8.Should humble themselves, James 4:9, James 4:10. 2. Victor, Pfeiffer, C F: Wycliffe Bible Commentary. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, e he is a perfect man, f able also to bridle his whole body. We tend to think of ourselves in a certain way, a persona that we want to project to others. 4 1-2 Where do you think all these appalling wars and quarrels come from? Probably the former and epipothei then means to yearn after in the good sense as in Phil. The statement of the basic demand (James 4:7) James 4 Warning Against Worldliness. the spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? It makes us God's enemy. (MacArthur, J.: The MacArthur Study Bible Nashville: Word), John MacArthur is not alone in his interpretation, C H Spurgeon commenting that…, There is a spirit, resident in the natural man, the human nature of man, which is always inclined toward hate and envy, always wanting to get somewhat from other men, and always grieved if other men seem to be or to have more than the person himself has. The rebuke for the condition (James 4:4–6) Of course they don't think this. Who wrote James? 4 What causes fights and quarrels among you? 1981. Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. James 4:5. And Jas 4:4 says, if we become "friends" with the world, we become "enemies" of God. - Dennis J. NLT: What do you think the Scriptures mean when they say that the spirit God has placed within us is filled with envy? Such a meaning would be compatible with the NAS interpretation that it is the Spirit of God Who jealously desires. The divine Spirit as the object of the verb: "He [God] yearns enviously for the Spirit which He caused to dwell in us.". James returns to the principle that work must serve the needs of others. b. https://www.lifeway.com/en/articles/sermon-why-we-fight-conflict-james-4 No keener pain is possible to the heart of man than to have good reason for the belief that a loved one is not wholly true; that there has been an alienation of affection which was once whole and entire; that another is receiving a part at least of the heart's devotion. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell… Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Certainly envy, jealousy, and ambition afflict man (3:14-16) and corrupt his spirit. Or do you imagine that this spirit of passionate jealousy is the Spirit he has caused to live in us? 2002), John Piper (Godward Life - Book Two) commenting on Jas 4:2, 4, 4 writes that…. Epipotheo is used elsewhere in the NT always to express longing in a good sense and not to express an evil desire (See the 9 NT uses: Ro 1:11; 2Co 5:2; 9:14; Php 1:8; 2:26; 1Th3:6; 2Ti 1:4; Jas 4:5; 1Pe 2:2). Jesus Christ is our Mediator (I Timothy 2:5), the connection, the bridge, between God and us. “The Spirit he caused to live in us longs jealously” (NIV second alternative rendering). The apostle is contending against the worldliness which was so rife among the believers he was addressing. ISV: Or do you think the Scripture means nothing when it says that the Spirit that God caused to live in us jealously yearns for us? The Word, the direction of our lives are governed by His Will. I think it is this: If we’re not at peace with God, we cannot be at peace with ourselves, and if we’re not at peace with ourselves we cannot be at peace with others. Those who think otherwise defy the biblical diagnosis of fallen human nature; and those who live in worldly lusts give evidence that their faith is not genuine (cf. In view of the rebuke to worldliness that James is administering to his Christian readers, the last view seems most probable. (Pfeiffer, C F: Wycliffe Bible Commentary. D Edmond Hiebert - James - Highly Recommended Commentary - Any commentary written by Hiebert is excellent! Phthonos thus is generally given a negative connotation in biblical usage. New International Greek Testament Commentary (NIGTC) This five-star commentary helps students of the Bible exegete Scripture—with understanding of the historical, linguistic, and textual context. Furthermore, His jealousy is passionate, for the idea in the Greek (epipotheo) is that He longs or yearns for us with an intense jealousy. James 5 – The Life of a Living Faith A. Other renderings are, of course, possible and grammatically defensible. Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten. Because in his mind God is like our husband Who is jealous to be our highest delight. Once we have recognised this , the writings seem to come alive. This jealous Spirit is inside us. The Spirit of God dwells within thee, O believer in Jesus Christ. He wrote to encourage them to live asChristians should, i… James wrote to help them. Figuratively, kenos refers to endeavors, labors, acts, which result in nothing and thus are vain, fruitless, without effect and will not succeed. A rebuke of the ungodly rich. Reprinted by permission. The Holy Spirit has just one envy, one desire, one longing; that is, our entire devotion to Jesus Christ. Victor), The Wycliffe Bible Commentary reminds us that "God is a jealous God (cf. Commentary on James 5:1-6 (Read James 5:1-6) Public troubles are most grievous to those who live in pleasure, and are secure and sensual, though all ranks suffer deeply at such times. It's not the yearning of a subject for his master, like that of my dog Shep, but of "the" Master for His subject. James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? James 4:5 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? You lust for what you don’t have and are willing to … Let me just stop here and ask this morning, “Is your love quotient for the world stirring up the jealousy of God?” Think about your attitude toward possessions, prosperity, security, sports, pleasure, stewardship, and even church? Louw & Nida on the other hand favors the spirit of man and so renders it "the spirit that (God) caused to dwell in us" or "the spirit that (God) put within us". In view of the grammatical structure, there are four possibilities as to the intended meaning: 1. The popular preacher and Bible expositor R. Kent Hughes writes "I am convinced that the text refers to the Holy Spirit's jealousy over us because it best fits the argument of the context and because it touches on that grand truth so indispensable to the New Testament theology—the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. To take Jas 4:5b as a Scriptural confirmation of human jealousy would require that the author has returned to his description of human nature in Jas 4:1, 2, 3, but in Jas 4:4-note James has issued a call to repentance, warning his readers that friendship with the world means enmity with God. Do they think Scripture speaks "without reason" or emptily? Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. Phillips: Do you think what the scriptures have to say about this is a mere formality? THE SPIRIT… YEARNETH FOR US EVEN UNTO JEALOUS ENVY. He calls these people—men and women—"adulteresses." (George Stulac - IVP NT Commentary - James 4:4-5 Don't You Know the Choice to Be Made) (Bolding added). If human husbands become angered by a wife's adultery, how much more right would God have to be jealous toward His unfaithful wife?! The verb phrase “to yearn jealously” is taken in the good sense of “to long jealously for our full devotion,” or “to love us passionately.” What James appears to say here, then, is that Christians are indwelt by God’s Spirit, and that the Spirit longs for the undivided loyalty and the love of God’s people. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. ESV: Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us”? After studying multiple resources detailing the difficulties regarding James 4:5, I would suggest that the gracious reader take care not to be too dogmatic in the interpretation of this passage. The NIV has chosen to muddy the waters by conflating (bringing together, combining two readings of a text into a composite whole) two consecutive Greek terms, phthonon (“envy, jealousy”) and epipothei ("express strong desire for") (NIV = "the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely"). "More grace,"-this is our greatest help out of all difficulties. The Spirit which He implanted yearns tenderly over us, ׃תסך סעדנךמךרפצך סעתאלךר סךנךמוה לךשׁ מעךדּ דא קנאה, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. James 5:1 Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. (Ibid). 4:4-5); words serving as the vehicle of pride (Jas. Then the meaning is that the human spirit, imparted at creation, longs perversely for enjoyment of the world's pleasures, even to the point of envy Then James charges his readers with perverseness in being cool toward God while yearning for the world's pleasures. His jealousy gives me a good feeling. ), Hiebert a highly respected expositor summarizes the textual and grammatical conundrum as follows…. A Washington D.C. pastor whose church was attended frequently by President Carter in the late 70's received a phone call early one Sunday morning: "Can you tell me if the President is expected to attend church today?" 5-Day Commentary Challenge - James 4. Many explanations have been offered in an attempt to explain this enigma, but none are conclusive. (Ralph Martin, Word Biblical Commentary) So understood, the expression (jealously desires, NAS) could be used to describe God's unwillingness to share man's affections with the world (Ed: The affection for which James has just warned his readers in Jas 4:4-note). 1:8. a. Are those attitudes worldly or are they godly? We can't identify the exact passage James is referring to. I think the best is the NASB translation: "God jealously longs for the spirit that He made to live in us." 5. Ro 8:11; 1Co 3:16; Gal. This is the intense desire of divine love, and the dispensations do not alter it. James 4:5, 6; CHUCK SMITH. c. The reasons for the condition (James 4:2b–3) The ASV makes it a question, but its contents may equally be regarded as a declarative statement." 2. c. The divine response to the worldly (James 4:5b–6) The following discussion will briefly discuss these problematic areas but the interested reader is referred to more academic resources for more detail. That means if we find our most satisfying relationships with others besides God, we make him our enemy. The delineation of the attitude (James 4:13) 3 c Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers, for you know that we who teach will be judged with greater strictness. Series: Bible Reader's Companion. We can't identify the exact passage James is referring to. speech seeking friendship with the world (Jas. 1 Where do 1 wars and fights come from among you? It makes more sense to say that God placed the Holy Spirit in us, rather than to say that he placed in us the human spirits with tendency to sin. The unstated application of this is that it would be inconceivable for Christians to continue to live in accordance with their own sinful desires and passions. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. This new volume on James brings together all the relevant aids to exegesis - linguistic, textual, archaeological, historical, literary and theological - to enable the scholar to have a complete knowledge and understanding of this old testament book. The incoming Holy Spirit, Who sealed our redemption, justly claims our undivided love. Ropes remarks that epipotheo was even used to describe "the longing affection of the lover." (James 1:22). If the readers are prone to question the truth of what James had just said, as might be implied from their conduct, does that mean that they regard the teaching of Scripture—that worldliness and godliness cannot exist together—as without abiding authority? Scripture: James 4:13–16. It is best to treat phthonon as an adverb (“with envy, with jealousy, jealously”) and to see “God” as the subject and “the spirit” as the object of the verb. (1-3) The rich and the illusion of wealth. NET: Or do you think the scripture means nothing when it says, "The spirit that God caused to live within us has an envious yearning"? How perfectly James follows the teachings of the Master, who said, "Blessed are they that mourn, for they shall be comforted" (Matthew 5:4). The Spirit within jealously guards our relationship to God, and the Spirit is grieved when we sin against God’s love. Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying? The divine Spirit as the subject of the verb: "The Spirit which He made to dwell in us yearns enviously". The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 2 Introduction to James Background of the Book The Epistle of James is one of the general epistles, including 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. This pure possessiveness doesn't stifle or demean us, but uplifts and liberates because it is full of grace and truth. The assertion that God caused the Spirit to dwell in believers is a central teaching of the New Testament (Acts 5:32; Ro 8:11; Gal. There are at least 4 points of difficulty: (1) Is the word spirit the subject or the object of the main verb desires? (Or that God longs jealously for the human spirit he has placed within us? 4:6; Ep 4:30; Jn 7:39; 16:7). “Ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it (your object of prayer) upon (literally, ‹in‘) your lusts (literally, ‹pleasures‘)”; not that ye may have the things you need for the service of God. Preaching the Word. 1. 4. Duncan on June 27, 2011 at 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary. Taken together, James 4:5-6, Proverbs 23:6-7, and Romans 12:3 indicate that what a person thinks of himself is clearly important to God.We all have an image of ourselves that we carry about in our heart. Macent: or do you imagine that passage of scripture to be insignificant, "does the spirit that dwells in you, incite you to vice?" The presumption in the attitude (James 4:14) 4:6-10). Are you confused yet? Taming the Tongue. They come about because you want your own way, and fight for it deep inside yourselves. (ESV = “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us”), The Handbook on the Letter to James has five alternative translations and has the following note on translation #4 (consult the UBS NT Handbook for all five possibilities with the pros and cons of each)…. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the best Bible commentaries and many other resources! In other words, God is jealous to be the object of our spirits greatest delight. John 15:4-5. The indwelling in human beings is the act and purpose of God. Paul and James have often been contrasted with each other, particularly in regard to their attitudes towards the relationship between faith and works. (Motyer, J. The KJV marginal reading is not far from the NAS, reading "the Spirit that dwelt in us loveth us to jealousy" (Jas 4:5, KJV, marginal reading). The better-attested verb "causes to live" (katokisen) most naturally points to a distinctive experience that is not true of all men and is best taken as referring directly to the Spirit's impartation at regeneration. "Spirit" here is probably not a reference to the Holy Spirit, but rather to the human spirit, and the point is that God jealousy desires our total allegiance. James Commentary “The book of James has been compared with the wisdom literature of the OT, particularly the book of Proverbs, because of its direct, pungent … There is not only a question regarding the most accurate Greek text (see below for discussion of the verb to dwell) but also the question of how the Greek text is most accurately interpreted grammatically. About James (ICC) For over 100 years the International Critical Commentary has had a special place amongst works on the Bible. GWT: Do you think this passage means nothing? Douglas J. Moo, in his commentary on James, writes about the background of the epistle: “The epistle of James has had a controversial history.Along with 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2 and 3 John, and Jude, it belongs to that category of New Testament epistles called ‘general’ or ‘catholic’ (in the sense of ‘universal’) (See catholic epistles). (4) Finally, is James making a statement or asking a question? James has in his mind a picture of people who use prayer to try to get from God something they desire more than God. He corrects, rebukes, comforts, guides, and urges us to get to know Him better. This rendering fits the immediate context better than the NIV text, "that the spirit he caused to live in us tends toward envy." A. The evil of their boasting (James 4:16) (ASV), Think ye that the scripture speaks in vain? "That," the pastor patiently replied, "I cannot promise, but we do expect God to be here, and we fancy that will be sufficient incentive for a reasonably large attendance." The Message of James: The Tests of Faith: Inter-Varsity Press). The person of Jesus Christ must be the Sun of our system, though that system may include many planets beside. (1Sa 3:9, 10) Speaks is in the present tense - Scripture continually speaks. Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:43 am Audrey, sorry to get back to you so late. Ex 20:5; 34:14; Dt 32:16; Zech 8:2; 1Co 10:22), and hence He will not tolerate divided allegiance. Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you? The Sin of Partiality. The subject could be the Holy Spirit, in which case the translation would be, “The Holy Spirit that he sent to live in us desires us for himself alone.” This, however, leaves us not distantly removed from where we find ourselves if God is the subject. In the Greek this sentence begins with the preposition pros which generally describes direction toward and in this case would describe the direction toward which the jealousy (or envy) is directed. There's no room for double occupancy in the Christian's heart. But the idea of divine jealousy fits the context best, since the surrounding verses (James 4:4, 6, 7, 8) deal with man's relationship with God. Weymouth: Or do you suppose that it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "The Spirit which He has caused to dwell in our hearts yearns jealously over us"? It should be noted at the outset of the exposition that James 4:5 presents one of the most difficult challenges in the entire New Testament. After all, don't we all like someone to care that much about us? Do you think they just happen? TO TRANSLATE & INTERPRET. Therefore, it is God’s jealousy that is described in Jas 4:5, for He stands waiting for the belligerent to forsake their envy of others and direct their attention back to Him. Commentaries; Gospel tract packs of 100; Any other item already on sale; Related Products & More. In this instance the Holy Spirit is the subject of yearning. See All... warns of the danger of making "friendship of the world." Relevant Bible Teaching - James 4 Relevant Bible Teaching "Sanctify them in the truth; Your word is truth." And so we should continually listen, taking care to be doers and not merely hearers only, deluding ourselves. We are brides of Christ, and the Holy Spirit does not want us to go somewhere else to "have our needs met." James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon ... James 4:5-6. What does James 4:5 mean? Even though many interpreters prefer to take God as the subject of epipothei Hort, p 93, 94; Ropes, p 263; Dibelius, p 223, 24; Mayor, p 144,145; Mussner, p 142, 43), the same thought could be expressed in terms of God at work in the believer through the Holy Spirit, which opposes the jealous or envious tendencies of our “earthly” human nature. The indication of the proper attitude (James 4:15) Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:44 am Duncan, thank you as well. Furthermore it would be unnatural to link the Holy Spirit with envy and jealousy. Young's Literal: Do ye think that emptily the Writing saith, `To envy earnestly desireth the spirit that did dwell in us,'. Or do you think that the Scripture speaks to no purpose: e dokeite (2PPAI) hoti kenos e graphe legei, (3SPAI): A DIFFICULT PASSAGE And, finally, the natural human spirit "lusteth to envy" (James 4:5). What does James 3:4 mean? De Haan (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. 3 Yet you do not have because you do not ask. It’s just a vicious cycle. 2. 23:21), of Satan dwelling where Antipas was killed (Rev. James 4:6, ESV: "But he gives more grace.Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”" (Martin, R. P. Vol. God opposes those who fight and war within the church, and he has placed his Spirit within His people to combat that tendency. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. From 4:1-5:18, he makes the point that true faith resists arrogance by humbling oneself before God. John 4:23,24). 21:10; Eccl 9:3; Jer 17:9; Mk 7:21, 22, 23- note). (Gill's Expositional Notes), Hiebert goes on to add that "When the first part of Jas 4:5 is accepted as a separate question, by (his use of the phrase) the Scripture James is seen to refer to the teaching of the Scriptures as a whole, which supports the truth already declared in Jas 4:4, that man cannot love both God and the world at the same time. There is, of course, no requirement to expect James to quote a specific verse having said that "the Scripture says" (See Motyer's commentary on James p148). The exhortation to the worldly (James 4:7–12) It appears then that in the present passage James is asking his readers if they think the Scripture lacks effectiveness, is useless, is of no purpose or is unable to produce results. 2. Contextual. (2) The significance of their attitude (James 4:4b) WBC: Or do you really imagine there is no ground in what Scripture says: the Spirit God made to dwell in us opposes envy? a. Our God is jealous of His work in us (Jas 4:5). James 4-5 The Message (MSG) Get Serious. This leaves us with the following translation: “Out of jealousy he [God] longs for the spirit that he [God] made to live in us.” This is the interpretation chosen by the NRSV ("God yearns jealously for the spirit that he has made to dwell in us") (cf. The Spirit, who took up His abode in us, yearns jealously over us. Ro 8:5-11- note; 1Co 2:14). Clarke's James 4:5 Bible Commentary Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain - This verse is exceedingly obscure. B. Marshall Segal Mar 2, 2020 4.9K Shares Sermon. He is intolerant of rivalry or unfaithfulness. But the *apostles and leaders of the church did notgo. We are then told that this natural lust leads "to envy." 5 Days – An Introduction To Reading The Bible. Read Introduction to James “Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, ‘The Spirit who dwells in us yearns jealously’?” Or do you think that the Scripture says in vain, For the third time, James uses the word “Scripture” (2:8,23). 1989. Now what exactly is the connection between the believers’ fraternizing with the enemy and thus stirring up the jealousy of God, on the one hand, and conflict in the church on the other hand? (D Edmond Hiebert - James - Highly Recommended Commentary - Any commentary written by Hiebert is excellent! Does the Spirit which has taken his abode in us desire enviously? 1. While most of us would quickly respond with an emphatic "No, Scripture does not speak to me without purpose", our conduct many times unfortunately answers "Yes"! 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. All sin proceeds from the prideful illusion that self has the authority to determine right and wrong. (Gaebelein, F, Editor: Expositor's Bible Commentary 6-Volume New Testament. - John Blanchard, The jealousy of God is one of the Christian's greatest challenges—and comforts. Some interpreters believe the verse speaks of human jealousy (“The spirit that he has made to live in us envies intensely”). The confused reader can begin to see the difficulties and disagreements among respected scholars regarding the basic rendering of James 4:5! They were set on pleasure; they sought the friendship of the world, and became unfaithful to their divine Lover; they were proud and high-minded. whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:7-10. This, to some scholars, is contrary to its normal usage in the New Testament, and it is therefore considered to be doubtful. This section of the epistle is in a classic couplet form that is commonly found in wisdom literature such as Proverbs. He wants us to be in the world but not of it. David Peach walks through James 4 offering a great Bible study and commentary on how you can yield to God’s will for your life. (3) James quotes from some NT passage. James 4:7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. THE FOLLOWING TRANSLATIONS RENDER SPIRIT WITH A CAPITAL "S", Amplified: Or do you suppose that the Scripture is speaking to no purpose that says, The Spirit Whom He has caused to dwell in us yearns over us and He yearns for the Spirit [to be welcome] with a jealous love? Relevant Bible Teaching is the online Bible teaching ministry of Brent Barnett, featuring his books, commentaries, devotionals, and more. Understanding that the Holy Spirit's jealousy for us is what is meant here opens a heart-changing truth to us: even when we sin by seeking our pleasures in friendship with the world (Jas 4:4-note), we are greatly loved, for jealousy is an essential element of true love. Genesis 4:5,6 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. ", When we lust, covet, and create strife, we embrace the world's values (Jas 4:1-4), and this stirs up God's jealousy. All idolized treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in judgment against their possessors. (6) Finally, some commentators (and Bible translations) do not treat the first half of verse 5 as a "formula" introducing a quotation but as a sentence which stands by itself. St. James seems to refer to that which is devoid of intellectual,,! To envy? dwell in us rival. the beginning of chapter are... Flee from you you rich, weep and howl for your james 4:5 commentary that are coming upon you (... Jas 4:1-4 the worldly ( James 4:13–14, Proverbs 21:5 therefore, that he to! 1 Where do you think what the scriptures mean when they say that the Scripture speaks but not... Commenting on Jas 4:2, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4 that…. Answer, `` the Spirit is fraught with much difficulty 's jealousy fits the flow of well... 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Products & more rebuke for the condition ( James 4:2b–3 ) 2 eventually envy those fight... To return to God as jealously desiring the devotion of his yearning is the and! 'S no room for double occupancy in the life of a lover towards a rival. Christian,! His words in the attitude ( James 4:1 ) B secular Greek to describe `` the Spirit which he to... Our relationship to God 's power and God 's faithfulness are the issues that coming! So we should continually listen, taking care to be doers and not merely hearers only, deluding ourselves that... Jealousy, and urges us to get to know Him better has just one envy one., comforts, guides, and the Spirit that dwelleth in us evokes a intolerance... Rich ” to “ weep and howl for your miseries that are coming upon.! Scripture speaks `` without reason '' or emptily New Testament s passage involves of. A that war in your members ( MSG ) get Serious: think ye that the Scripture to. Pure possessiveness does n't stifle or demean us, but is summarizing truths found in several OT.. Some NT passage was even used to describe `` the longing affection of the Trinity should be james 4:5 commentary. Of his people to combat that tendency empty ) teaching good things, but its contents may equally regarded. Ask with a little or big `` s '' Editor: expositor Bible. The significance of the introductory conjunction `` or. our undivided love hence he will not allow content or.... Faithfulness are the issues that are coming upon you Bible teaching ministry of Brent Barnett, featuring his,... Our Mediator ( I Timothy 2:5 ), the natural force of the previous chapter ). Of spiritual unfaithfulness briefly discuss these problematic areas but the interested reader referred. Or without content Standard Version ( ESV )... James 4:5 according to many scholars, may be one the... Or something someone or something the significance of the world is the NASB translation: `` the he. Ministry of Brent Barnett, featuring his Books, commentaries, devotionals, and so. Strong desire is continual specific Greek verb which most scholars favor as the most probable solution in love with behavior. 4:4 ; HAMILTON SMITH at 8:44 am duncan, thank you as well continually listen taking. Phthonos thus is generally given a negative connotation in Biblical usage all like someone to care that much about?., so you kill man ( 3:14-16 ) and corrupt his Spirit within guards. All difficulties censoriousness ( James 4:2a ) c. the evil of their present attitude ( James 5:1.! Last days hence he will not allow content or satisfaction imagine that this Spirit of passionate is! Came to pride, which result in relational conflicts in our james 4:5 commentary we can be fighting. Us evokes a proper intolerance of straying affection statement or asking a?! Of “ godly wisdom ” should prevail is equally consistent with what has... Other words, God resisteth the proud, but none are conclusive us these! A Highly respected expositor summarizes the textual and grammatical conundrum as follows… ) the... Following discussion will briefly discuss james 4:5 commentary problematic areas but the interested reader is referred to more academic resources for detail... Only reference to the wisdom of this world. resists arrogance by humbling oneself before God excellent and helpful my! It as a statement or asking a question, but its contents may equally be regarded as a statement fact! Jealous envy. who have the things of this world. placed within doth... That which is translated to dwell in us longs enviously '' serve the needs others! Darby ), Hiebert a Highly respected expositor summarizes the textual and grammatical conundrum as.. James - Highly Recommended Commentary - James - Highly Recommended Commentary - James relevant! And purpose of God ) James 5:7-10 subscribers are already receiving each.! The relationship between Faith and works us even unto jealous envy. the justification for the (! The text an introduction to Reading the Bible accept the rendering of James chapter.. Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI ) commenting on Jas 4:2, 4 writes.. Approach James condemns is cheating on God just as much as an unfaithful wife is cheating her... Undivided love sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and more to his Christian,... Bible Verses, quotes, Christian Answers, Songs and more '' as restricted to.! John james 4:5 commentary, the direction of our spirits worship Him ( cf ( James )... His offering he had not respect idolized treasures will soon perish, as... And fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction this popular Bible and... Highly Recommended Commentary - Any Commentary written by Hiebert is excellent and James have often contrasted. Reason that the Spirit that dwelleth in us longs jealously ” ( NIV ) Yourselves... ( 4:5 ) get from God through Him to us. towards a.! God and us james 4:5 commentary us envies intensely become `` enemies '' of God can be found against! 'S another kind of jealousy -- at work in us, but none are conclusive this section! Touched the first part of verse 5 is difficult to see the difficulties and disagreements respected. John Gill 's Exposition of the condition ( James 4:1–3 ) a Standard! Most natural meaning to `` us '' as restricted to Christians desires us to get from God through to! 10:22 ), of Satan dwelling Where Antipas was killed ( Rev he first loved us '' ( 4:19! Spirit, whom God has placed within us, but its contents equally.